A web attack is an attempt to exploit weaknesses on a website or in parts of it. The attacks may affect the content, web application or server of a website. Websites are a great target for attackers. They could gain unauthorised access to websites or obtain confidential information, or introduce malicious content.
Attackers typically look for weaknesses in the structure or content of a website to steal data, control the website or cause harm to users. Some common attacks include brute force attacks and cross-site scripting (XSS) and attacks to upload files. Other attacks are carried out through social engineering techniques, such as malware attacks, phishing, and phishing which include trojans, ransomware or spyware.
The most frequent website attacks target the web application, that is composed of the software and hardware that websites use to display information to users. Hackers can infiltrate websites using its weaknesses. These include SQL injection, cross-site request forgery, and reflection-based XSS.
SQL injection attacks exploit database that web applications utilize to store and distribute website content. These attacks can expose a large amount of sensitive information, particularly passwords, account logins and credit card numbers.
Cross-site scripting attacks use flaws in the code of websites to display untrusted images or text, hijack session information, and then redirect users to phishing sites. Reflective XSS also allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code.
A man-in-the middle attack occurs when an outside party intercepts the communications between you and your web server. The third party can then modify the messages, spoof certificates, alter DNS responses, and the list goes on. This is a method to manipulate online activities.