Farm and Business Management (FBM) is a practice that involves coordinating all aspects your agricultural operation to maximize your income and profit potential. A broad set of skills and knowledge is used in this process including planning, management, economic analysis and marketing.

Key practices for managing a country farm or business include:

Marketing – the sale of goods or services to consumers. Financing – loans that finance your operations. Risk management – making sure your operation is protected from disasters.

Financial – creating a pro-forma enterprise budget and a real one to help forecast earnings and expenses. Calculating ratios. Setting financial goals.

The first step to achieving your objectives is to create a plan. This will help you think through the various functions in your business, and identify weaknesses.

You will also need to check if the land you own is zoned for production, or if there are any zoning regulations which limit the type production you can do. Check with your county or township to see if they have any restrictions.

Your business will need public facilities as well, such parking areas, signage and customer assistance. These will be required to accommodate customers and visitors to your farm/ranch and should be maintained in compliance with zoning, food safety and environmental laws.

Your business must be self-sustaining in order to generate income. This means that you need to have enough income from your business to cover your living expenses, and save for the future.



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